|The Collection is organized according to material format and genre and includes the following categories: (select one)
Broadsides and Posters
Books and Pamphlets
|Works on Paper: Drawings, Lithographs, Photographs, Prints
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|Broadsides and Posters
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During the early Third Republic (1870s through the end of the century) France witnessed a dramatic growth in the use of posters, broadsides, and placards for mass communication, advertising, and political propaganda. Posters (affiches), like newspapers, were subject to official scrutiny. All material for posting was taxed and had to be “stamped.” Official government proclamations were printed on white paper, while unofficial materials had to be printed on alternative papers. Posters also attracted many of the major artists of the period, from across the political spectrum, who developed its potential as a commercial vehicle or as a means of personal expression. Technical advances facilitated the poster’s rise to prominence: during this period, photographic and color printing became viable on a large scale, and lithography became a central vehicle for artistic expression.
Notable broadsides in the Collection include "A La Nation" (September, 1898), a large-scale poster promoting nationalist and anti-semitic activism among student groups in Paris; the official poster announcing the decision of the Cour de Cassation (Court of Appeals) to hold a retrial of Dreyfus at Rennes (June 1899); and a complete series of the Musée des Horreurs, fifty-one large caricatures from 1899-1900 attacking prominent government officials, dreyfusards, and Jews.
Image: Fédération des Groupes de la Jeunesse Antisémitique et Nationalistes. A La Nation. [Paris?]: September 1898 (BP.1).