Lawrence J. Schoenberg Collection -- Manuscript Number: ljs449              Version:
[Anthology of Astro-Medical Texts]    Southwest Germany, c. 1446

Physical Description: 36 leaves, complete, modern foliation, leaf 1 and 26 form a bifolium, I10, II-III12, until fol. 23 and 26v-28r written in single column, circa 39 lines, written-space circa 206 x 135 mm, fol. 24r - 26r, 28v - 36v written in double columns, circa 39 - 43 lines, written-space circa 212 x 145 mm, written in dark brown ink in a batarde in varying cursive flow, presumably by the hand of one scribe apart from a few additions, rubricated in red, one red initial with penwork in green extending seven lines of text (fol. 12r). 13 circular charts, partly with the inside surface plastically modeled in blue, 36 miniatures of varying size, drawn in brown ink and colored in washes of red, green, orange, blue and yellow. Original vellum binding with the date 1433, added later, restored. The last leaf defective on the inner margin with a slight loss of text, a few stains and tears, otherwise in fine condition, especially for a paper manuscript, 294 x 210 mm.


    The language, in lower Alemanian dialect with some middle German (Rheno-Franconian) idioms, refers to the south-Rheno-Franconian origin of the manuscript. One cannot draw upon the calendar as an indication of the manuscript?s origin; it is not easily localizable as it combines several local traditions: for example 30.12. Perpetui only in Liege, 4. 8. Translatio Valentini only in Passau, 4.9. Moisis only in Langres, Tours and in the Carmelitian calendar. Errors and inconsistencies (for example 12.1. Castuli ?, 7.6. Remigij ?, 17.2. Concordie ?) are only corrected to some extent (4.7. Vdalrici for Margaret, 13.7. Margaret for Mary Magdalene). The manuscript can be dated to circa 1446 on the grounds of the computational tables: fol. 8v table for the finding of the Golden Number 1446-1487, fol. 9v eclipses of the sun, covering the period 1433-1462 and fol. 11r interval dial, covering the period 1418-1446. The watermarks show a bull?s head (variants of Briquet 14964 and 15054, recorded 1444 and 1441. Armorial stamp on fol. 1r: ?Ex Bibliotheca Billiana?. From the collection of Labbey de Billy, Besancon (? 1825), which was sold on 1 May 1826 in Besancon (from the same collection: de Ricci, Census, I. p. 980, and II, p. 1122, Sotheby?s, 8 December 1981, lot 66). Ader-Drouot, Paris 19 May 1976 lot 44. Sotheby?s, London, 22 June 1982, lot 61. Gunther, Princely 1997, number 12 and catalogue 5, number 21. Gunther/Ferrini/Roth Illumination, 26 July 2002, number 6. Acquired from Sam Fogg, May 2003.

Katalog der deutschsprachigen illustrierten Handschriften des Mittelalters. Vol I, II, Astrologie/Astronomie, 1991, p. 474. - Johannes G. Mayer, Eine iathromathematische Handschrift mit Techels Steinbuch und dem pseudolabertinischen Traktat `De vino et eius proprietatibus?. In: Johannes Gottfried Mayer / Konrad Goehl (ed.), Editionen und Studien zur lateinischen und deutschen Fachprosa des Mittelalters. Festschrift fur Gundolf Keil (Texte und Wissen 3). Wurzburg 2000, 305-309. - Margaret R. Schleissner (ed.), Manuscript sources of medieval medecine: a book of essays (Garland medieval casebooks 8). New York 1995. - Ortrun Riha, Wissensorganisation in medizinischen Sammelhandschriften. Klassifikations-kriterien und Kombinationsprinzipien bei Texten ohne Werkcharakter (Wissensliteratur im Mittelalter Bd. 9). Wiesbaden 1992. [authoritative on the terminology: Arzneibuch, Kurztraktat, Kompendium, Kompilation] ? Hilde-Marie Gross, Illustrationen in medizinischen Sammelhandschriften. Eine Auswahl anhand von Kodizes der Uberlieferungs- und Wirkungsgeschichte des `Arzneibuchs? Ortolfs von Baierland. In: Gundolf Keil (ed.), ?ein teutsch puech machen?. Untersuchungen zur landessprachlichen Vermittlung medizinischen Wissens. Ortolf-Studien 1 (Wissensliteratur im Mittelalter Bd.11). Wiesbaden 1993, 172-348.